The Karolinum is a palace situated in Prague’s Old Town, on the corner of the Fruit Market (Ovocný trh) and Železná Street, just a four-minute walk from the Old Town Square. The building was bought to be used for the purposes of the newly founded Charles University by King Wenceslas IV (son of its founder Charles IV) from banker Jan Rotlev in 1383. From that time, the Karolinum served as a dormitory and as such is considered the oldest dormitory in Central Europe. Later, it became the seat of the rector and other academics. The Great Aula is the central area of the building where ceremonial graduations and matriculations take place. The historical building underwent several major changes. At the beginning of the 18th century, it was reconstructed in Baroque style by architect František Maxmilian Kaňka. In the 20th century, the whole complex was reconstructed according to the design by Josef Fragner. In addition, the publishing house of Charles University is named after the Karolinum.
USEFUL INFORMATION FOR VISITORS
Address: Ovocný trh 5
GPS coordinates: 50.0863875N, 14.4239431E
PUBLIC TRANSPORT CONNECTIONS
The closest public transport stops near the Karolinum:
- Náměstí Republiky tram stop
- Můstek metro station (Line A – green line)
OPENING HOURS AND ADMISSION
The representative spaces of the Karolinum can be visited on special occasions and during graduation events only. There is a permanent exhibition, dedicated to the history of Charles University, situated in the Gothic cellar of the Karolinum. For information about admission fees and opening hours, click here. Other exhibitions are held in the Karolinum Cloisters throughout the year – for more information see the website above.
INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT KAROLINUM
A permanent exhibition on the history of Charles University is located in the catacombs of the Karolinum. The exhibition includes some very unique exhibits, such as the copy of the Foundation Charter of Prague University issued by Charles IV in 1348. Visitors can also see a copy of the 14-century seal of Prague University with the portrait of Charles IV handing over the foundation charter to St Wenceslas for protection. This scene even became the current logo of Charles University. Other interesting things to see include the University’s sacral monuments, mainly the reliquary cross with the remains of St John of Nepomuk and the chalice placed in the chapel in the oriel of the Karolinum. Visitors can also see the original Rector’s sceptre dating back to 1883 and the death mask of Jan Palach, a student who burned himself to death in protest against the occupation of Czechoslovakia. The mask was made by sculptor Olbram Zoubek in 1969.
KAROLINUM AND NEARBY HISTORICAL SIGHTS
When visiting the Karolinum, there are plenty of other interesting sights nearby to explore, including the Old Town Square, the Jan Hus Memorial, the Astronomical Clock, Wenceslas Square, the National Theatre, Havel’s Market, the Republic Square, the Powder Tower, the Municipal House, the Hybernia Theatre, the Museum of Communism and many others.